Q: Years ago, I distinctly remember reading that dry food was best for cats. But now our new and very young veterinarian says that wet food is better. I know that new veterinarians are up on all the latest information, but I’m a little unsure what to think, especially since the Internet goes both ways on the subject. What’s the truth?
A: The truth is we’re not sure. Nonetheless, several recent studies seem to point in the wet-is-best direction. Though dry food might still be better for getting some of that tartar off their teeth, veterinary dentists aren’t so sanguine about this approach to getting teeth clean. Relying on crunchy food in lieu of brushing is like expecting an apple a day to keep your dentist away. Upshot: Don’t rely on kibbled food in the dental department.
Moreover, it has been clear to veterinarians for years now that cats with specific health concerns, particularly when it comes to urinary tract health, are decidedly better off eating wet foods. Though diets formulated for “urinary tract health” abound, no independent studies exist to prove that most of these foods help treat or prevent urinary tract disease.
The only solid studies we have to go on do, however, demonstrate that wet diets can help manage the symptoms related to urinary tract diseases and even obesity in cats.
On the urinary side, wet diets appear to help manage kidney disease, urinary crystal formation, bladder stones, and feline idiopathic cystitis (the inflammatory condition that causes bloody urine and frequent urination).
As to obesity: Several recent studies also indicate that feeding wet diets to cats (or even moistened kibble) can help cats lose weight. That’s because cats taking in water along with their solid foods are more active than straight-up kibble eaters.
Wild and feral cats get most of their moisture from the animals they hunt and kill. Consequently, cats drink very little water. And since cats originally evolved in a desert environment, this adaptation to a moist diet makes perfect sense.
Now, why it would make them more active as a result hasn’t been puzzled out yet. In any case, I recommend you consider feeding your cats a wet diet. It may be messier but is probably worth it.
Dr. Patty Khuly has a veterinary practice at Sunset Animal Clinic in South Miami.
LJ and I have been spending a lot of time recently talking about caterpillars. One day a couple of months ago all of a sudden caterpillars started to appear around the house. He was so excited to see these little fuzzy crawly creatures and just couldn’t get enough of them.
I told LJ the story of the life of a caterpillar. First a caterpillar hatches from an egg. Then the caterpillar is VERY hungry so he eats lots of leaf salad.
Then the caterpillar’s tummy is so full he makes himself a sleeping bag and falls asleep.
When he wakes up after a long sleep he turns into a butterfly!
I bought LJ The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle
Then it was time to go to the Butterfly House at the Seattle Science Center.
After a wonderful time at the Butterfly House we walked to the fountain to have our lunch and talk about all the wonders of caterpillars!
Ava, a 2-year-old Tiffany cat, was reunited with her owner, Ashley Moore, in Georgia Saturday. The cat disappeared from Moore’s Brookhaven, Georgia, home last month and was found in Vero Beach, Florida, four days later. The woman who found Ava wandering brought her to the Humane Society of Vero Beach & Indian River County, where the staff discovered her microchip. The phone number listed had been disconnected, but they were able to send a letter to Moore’s father saying Ava was safe and staying at the shelter. Moore thinks Ava may have hidden underneath a vehicle or in a U-Haul moving truck for the trip. When Moore’s plans to have the cat transported 500 miles back home fell through, the shelter’s director of animal care stepped in to help, driving Ava to Georgia to be reunited with her owner. “I guess Ava decided to take a vacation in Vero Beach, but I’m so happy she’s finally back with me,” Moore said.
Story courtesy of VetSTREET
Spring in most veterinary hospitals is the busiest time of the year for routine care such as annual physicals, vaccines, heartworm and tick disease testing, and picking up heartworm and flea and tick preventatives. What we don’t count on is the sharp increase in emergency cases that occur from the increase in outdoor activities.
Female dogs come into heat twice yearly and nearly all come into season in the spring. Intact male dogs can pick up the scent from miles away and will follow the scent without paying attention. This past weekend I personally saw four dogs that were hit by cars for this very reason. They either got out of their enclosures, or a family member let them out unattended. A pet being hit by a car is one of the most devastating emergencies that we see and in most cases the injuries are severe and many times fatal. The most common cause of death for cats that go outside is being hit by a car. As traumatic as the injury to the pet, it is also traumatic to the family as in most cases the loss could have been prevented. I myself lost a young dog in the street when my son’s friend forgot to close the gate so this is a subject that is near and dear to my heart in more ways than one.
Another very common hazard as pets are out exploring is exposure to toxins. Antifreeze poisoning is very common this time of the year. Antifreeze, ethylene glycol, is a toxin that is often drained and left in a pan or bucket and forgotten. It has a very sweet taste so both cats and dogs will drink it readily. Only a very small amount can cause complete kidney failure within 48 hours. There is an antidote if discovered very early, but once the symptoms of kidney disease appear it is usually fatal. We take any exposure to antifreeze, no matter how small, very seriously for that reason.
Coyotes and other predators are becoming much more common in towns and suburban communities and if cats and little dogs are left outside unattended they are, unfortunately, considered prey. Many cats get the urge to go outside as the weather improves. They are territorial and will get into fights with other cats leading to very painful abscesses. These bites are the way viruses like feline leukemia and feline immunodeficiency are spread. Both of these diseases have no cure, so the only treatment is prevention.
Exercise for our pets is very important in maintaining good health for life, but it is important to make sure that the type of exercise is safe. A good brisk walk on leash is a great way to do so, but is not possible in all areas of the country year round. Off leash dog parks can be a great way for a dog to run off leash, but it is still important to pay attention that the dogs all get along. Doggy day care businesses are becoming very popular and can be very helpful in the winter to keep the pet socialized and fit. There are great toys and activities to keep your cats active inside the house and websites exist that demonstrate how to create a cat friendly room so that going outside does not become an issue.
Have a happy and safe spring and summer!
By: Dr Landorf, Oakwood Hills Animal Hospital
Our next and last place to visit on our amazing trip to Portugal was Lisbon, the capital city of Portugal. We checked into our delightful Santa Justa Hotel in the Baixa district of Lisbon. We were greeted by a lovely tray of port and pastries. During my time in Portugal I learned that I love port, especially Cockburns Special Reserve of which I brought a bottle home with me!
We had just enough time to take a quick peek at the surrounding area where people filled the streets that were closed off from traffic and lined with cafes. We had a nice dinner and fell into bed.
On Saturday we started exploring the city. Lisbon sits on seven hills and there is no rhyme or reason to the streets. They meander around buildings in no orderly fashion at all. I think we walked over every one of the seven hills :-). Well, at least it felt like it!
Cable cars are a great form of transportation on this hilly city!
Very close to our hotel is the Praca do Comercio, or Commerce Square. We decided to take a look around and have lunch there.
Commerce Square was chock-full of people enjoying the beautiful weather at the cafes and the Tagus River. It’s square is huge and beautiful with the Statue of King Jose 1 right in the center.
On Sunday we walked to Rossio Square to catch the subway to the Museum Calouste Gulbenkian.
The museum is a collection of Calouse Gulbenkians, a rich Armenian oil tycoon who left it all to Portugal when he died in 1955. The collection spans the period from 2700 B. C. Egypt to the early 20th century. Works by Rembrandt, Renoir and Manet are displayed along with countless other exquisite objects. Here are just a very few items we saw in this huge eclectic collection.
Our last evening in Lisbon we rode the Santa Justa lift to see the sights of the city. It connects the lower streets of the Baixa district with the higher Largo do Carmo (Carmo Square.) The hills of Lisbon have always presented a problem for accessibility,especially in a time when people were required to move on foot or being pulled by horse. So in 1900 construction on the lift began. Today it’s a landmark and a definite tourist attraction of the city.
To finish the evening we went to the Restaurante Concha D’Ouro for dinner. Because it was getting a little chilly, we decided to sit inside. We sat upstairs overlooking the street below.
The next morning we were on our way to the airport and back to the US.
What a wonderful opportunity it was to get to travel to this great country!!!
After reluctantly leaving the beautiful Algarve area of Portugal we headed north towards Sintra. We saw many cork trees along the way. It was so interesting to me to have a close up look at the trees. The cork is harvested every 9 to 12 years and doesn’t harm the tree. Only the bark is extracted making it a renewable resource. Portugal accounts for around 50% of the world cork harvest.
We arrived in Sintra and drove along the timeless back roads towards the Palacio de Seteais.
The Hotel Palacio de Seteais is a luxurious and romantic palace (now a hotel and restaurant)which takes us back to the days of the elegance of the 18th century. Located on the mountain side of Sintra, and with its spectacular views, it was an honor to be able to visit this beautiful palace built by the Dutch consul to Portugal. I love to daydream of those elegant days gone by.
Sintra is a town of marvelous historic mansions, royal retreats, estates, castles, and buildings from the 8th-9th century as well as the 17th to 19th century, all set against the backdrop of lush hills and winding roads.
The Pena Palace, or Palacio da Pena as it is known in Portugal, is probably one of the most iconic and best-known images of Sintra. Perched high on a hilltop, it can be seen from as far away as Portugal’s capital, Lisbon, on a clear day. This is a definite must-see if you are visiting Sintra.
The Pena Palace was built during the first half of the 19th century by the Queen of Portugal and definitely has a woman’s touch, with the brightly colored exterior and feminine interior.
The park surrounding the Pena Palace is a natural environment of rare beauty. The exotic taste of the Romanticism was applied to the park as it was to the palace. Once a barren hillside, trees from diverse, distant lands are now planted here as well as a wide variety of ferns and tree ferns, concentrated in the Queen’s Fern Garden. The park has a complicated system of paths and narrow roads, connecting the palace to the many points of interest throughout the park.
My next post and our last destination in Portugal will be about our time in Lisbon!